Several guides for the creation of multiple choice questions and other formats, including the excellent <a href="https://testing.byu.edu/handbooks/betteritems.pdf" target="_blank">"How to Prepare Better Multiple-Choice Test Items: Guidelines for University Faculty"</u></a> which discusses when and how multiple choice tests are best used and how to avoid common flaws. Resource section of the Brigham Young University Testing Center.
Multiple Choice Question Writing Guidance (BYU Testing Center)
Brigham Young University Testing Center
Science Education Specialists